Types of cancer

By no means a single disease with a single treatment, there are over 200 types of cancer. Each type has its own name and treatment. Click on the links below to find out more about them.

Or find it alphabetically:


Basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It is sometimes called a rodent ulcer. It's very common.

Bile duct cancer

Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is rare. It is almost always a type of cancer called adenocarcinoma, which starts in the lining of the bile duct.

Bladder cancer

Every year, there are about 10,000 new cases of bladder cancer in the UK. Of these, eight out of 10 are early bladder cancer.

Blood cancers

There isn’t just one type of cancer of the blood – there are many different blood cancers. Leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma are some of the main cancers of the blood.

Bone cancer

Bone cancers can start in the bone (primary) or can start elsewhere in the body and spread to the bones (secondary). This section is only about primary bone cancer.

Secondary bone cancer

Secondary bone cancer occurs when cancer cells spread to the bone. These cells spread from a primary tumour elsewhere in the body.

Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is also called colorectal cancer, or cancer of the colon or rectum. This is because the large bowel includes the rectum and colon.

Bowen's disease

Bowen's disease is a skin lesion that affects the topmost layer (epidermis) of the skin. It appears as a red or brown scaly patch and it is usual to have a single lesion.

Brain tumours

Brain tumours can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). This section is about both types of primary brain tumour (a tumour that starts in the brain).

Secondary brain tumours

Secondary brain tumours occur when cancer cells spread to the brain from a cancer that started in another part of the body.

Breast cancer in women

Breast cancer is more common in women aged 50 and over, but it can also affect younger women. This section covers breast cancer in women that hasn't spread elsewhere in the body.

Breast cancer in men

Breast cancer in men is rare, although it is possible. About 350 men in the UK are diagnosed with breast cancer every year.

Breast cancer - secondary

Secondary breast cancer is cancer that starts in the breast and then spreads to other parts of the body.