Types of cancer
By no means a single disease with a single treatment, there are over 200 types of cancer. Each type has its own name and treatment. Click on the links below to find out more about them.
Around 2,300 people in the UK are diagnosed with cancer of the larynx every year. Most cancers of the larynx begin on, or near, one of the vocal cords.
There are a number of different types of leukaemia. The type of leukaemia depends on the type of white blood cell affected.
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a rare type of cancer. It affects how the body produces white blood cells and this can affect how the body fights infection.
AML is a rare type of cancer that affects blood cells. It can affect people at any age but is more common in people over 65.
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most common type of leukaemia. With CLL, the body makes too many undeveloped white blood cells.
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a type of leukaemia that usually develops very slowly. It can occur at any age but is more common in middle-aged and older people.
Liver cancer is a rare type of cancer which starts in the liver. It’s different from secondary liver cancer, where cancer starts elsewhere in the body and spreads to the liver.
Secondary liver cancer is where cancer spreads to the liver from another part of the body. If cancer cells enter the bloodstream, they can settle in the liver.
There are a number of different types of lung cancer. The main types of lung cancer are small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
If a cancer spreads to the lungs from another part of the body, this is secondary lung cancer (also called metastatic lung cancer).
If cancer spreads into the lymph nodes from elsewhere in the body, this is secondary lymph node cancer. Cancer that starts in the lymph nodes is called lymphoma.
Lymphoma is cancer that starts in the lymph nodes. Lymphoma is usually Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The difference is in the type of cells the lymphoma affects.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a type of cancer that starts in the lymph nodes. NHL is the fifth most common cancer in the UK.