Types of cancer

By no means a single disease with a single treatment, there are over 200 types of cancer. Each type has its own name and treatment. Click on the links below to find out more about them.

Or find it alphabetically:


Salivary gland cancer

Cancer that starts in the salivary glands is very rare. The salivary glands are the glands in the mouth and throat that make spit.


A schwannoma is a tumour that starts in the nerve sheath. This is the tissue that covers the nerves.

Secondary cancers (metastases)

When a cancer starts in one place in the body and spreads elsewhere, this is a secondary cancer or a ‘metastasis’.

Skin cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. This section covers basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

Soft tissue sarcomas

Soft tissue sarcomas are cancers that develop from cells in the soft, supporting tissues of the body. They are a rare type of cancer.

Spinal cord tumours

Several types of tumour can develop in the spinal cord and not all of these are malignant (cancerous).

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma

Stomach cancer

There are different types of stomach cancer. This section is about adenocarcinoma, the most common type of stomach cancer. Adenocarcinoma accounts for 95% of stomach cancers.